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Psychiatry Res. 2015 Jun 30;227(2-3):213-8. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.03.030. Epub 2015 Mar 31.

Self esteem and self agency in first episode psychosis: Ethnic variation and relationship with clinical presentation.

Author information

1
King׳s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Department of Psychosis Studies, London, UK; National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Mental Health Biomedical Research Centre at South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust and King׳s College London, London, UK. Electronic address: simone.ciufolini@kcl.ac.uk.
2
King׳s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Department of Psychosis Studies, London, UK.
3
University of Westminster, Department of Psychology, London, UK.
4
Trinity College Dublin, Department of Psychiatry, Dublin, Ireland.
5
University of West Indies, Department of Psychiatry, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago.
6
University of La Sapienza, Department of Psychiatry, Rome, Italy.
7
University of Nottingham, Department of Psychiatry, Nottingham, UK.
8
University of Cambridge, Department of Psychiatry, Addenbrooke׳s Hospital, Cambridge, UK.
9
King׳s College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Department of Psychosis Studies, London, UK; National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Mental Health Biomedical Research Centre at South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust and King׳s College London, London, UK.

Abstract

The impact of self esteem and Locus of Control (LoC) on clinical presentation across different ethnic groups of patients at their first psychotic episode (FEP) remains unknown. We explored these constructs in 257 FEP patients (Black n=95; White British n=119) and 341 controls (Black n=70; White British n=226), and examined their relationship with symptom dimensions and pathways to care. FEP patients presented lower self-esteem and a more external LoC than controls. Lower self esteem was associated with a specific symptoms profile (more manic and less negative symptoms), and with factors predictive of poorer outcome (longer duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) and compulsory mode of admission). A more external LoC was associated with more negative symptoms and an insidious onset. When we explored these constructs across different ethnic groups, we found that Black patients had significantly higher self esteem than White British. This was again associated with specific symptom profiles. While British patients with lower self esteem were more likely to report delusions, hallucinations and negative symptoms, Black patients with a lower self esteem showed less disorganization symptoms. These findings suggest that self esteem and LoC may represent one way in which social experiences and contexts differentially influence vulnerable individuals along the pathway to psychosis.

KEYWORDS:

Clinical presentation; Ethnicity; First episode psychosis; Locus of Control; Self esteem

PMID:
25868868
DOI:
10.1016/j.psychres.2015.03.030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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