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Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2015;42(1):5-10.

The prevalence of primary neck and shoulder pain, and its related factors in Japanese postpartum women.



This study investigated the prevalence, location, and severity of neck and shoulder pain (NSP), its disturbance of quality of life (QOL), and the factors related to NSP in Japanese postpartum women.


The study involved 308 postpartum women who had a medical examination one month after delivery. The questionnaire consisted of the background and details of NSP. Mood states were evaluated using the Profile of Mood States-Brief (POMS-B), Japanese Version.


The prevalence of NSP was 73.1%, one-fourth of which occurred after birth. The most common area was the superior part of the trapezium muscles. Prevalence was associated with past history of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), anemia during pregnancy, time per breastfeeding, and the mean POMS-B Fatigue score. Total breastfeeding time a day, the mean POMS-B score for Fatigue, Confusion, Anger-Hostility, and Depression were significantly higher for "worse" after birth than those for "no-change/relief". The disturbance of daily life due to NSP in postpartum women with past history of PMS and Hiesho were significant higher than that for women without those.


The prevalence of NSP in postpartum women was very high. The factors which affect NSP were the mental states, breastfeeding, past history of PMS, and anemia during pregnancy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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