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Haematologica. 2015 Jul;100(7):945-54. doi: 10.3324/haematol.2014.122069. Epub 2015 Apr 10.

Targeting the spliceosome in chronic lymphocytic leukemia with the macrolides FD-895 and pladienolide-B.

Author information

1
Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
2
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
3
Integrative Genomics and Bioinformatics Core, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, USA.
4
Center for Computational Biology, Institute for Genomic Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
5
Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA CLL Research Consortium, and Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.
6
Moores Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA CLL Research Consortium, and Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA jecastro@ucsd.edu mburkart@ucsd.edu.

Abstract

RNA splicing plays a fundamental role in human biology. Its relevance in cancer is rapidly emerging as demonstrated by spliceosome mutations that determine the prognosis of patients with hematologic malignancies. We report studies using FD-895 and pladienolide-B in primary leukemia cells derived from patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and leukemia-lymphoma cell lines. We found that FD-895 and pladienolide-B induce an early pattern of mRNA intron retention - spliceosome modulation. This process was associated with apoptosis preferentially in cancer cells as compared to normal lymphocytes. The pro-apoptotic activity of these compounds was observed regardless of poor prognostic factors such as Del(17p), TP53 or SF3B1 mutations and was able to overcome the protective effect of culture conditions that resemble the tumor microenvironment. In addition, the activity of these compounds was observed not only in vitro but also in vivo using the A20 lymphoma murine model. Overall, these findings give evidence for the first time that spliceosome modulation is a valid target in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and provide an additional rationale for the development of spliceosome modulators for cancer therapy.

PMID:
25862704
PMCID:
PMC4486229
DOI:
10.3324/haematol.2014.122069
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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