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Cancer Cell. 2015 Apr 13;27(4):439-49. doi: 10.1016/j.ccell.2015.03.007. Epub 2015 Apr 6.

The journey from discoveries in fundamental immunology to cancer immunotherapy.

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The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, VIC 3050, Australia. Electronic address:
The Center for Cell Engineering, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address:


Recent advances in cancer immunotherapy have directly built on 50 years of fundamental and technological advances that made checkpoint blockade and T cell engineering possible. In this review, we intend to show that research, not specifically designed to bring relief or cure to any particular disease, can, when creatively exploited, lead to spectacular results in the management of cancer. The discovery of thymus immune function, T cells, and immune surveillance bore the seeds for today's targeted immune interventions and chimeric antigen receptors.

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