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Pharm Biol. 2015;53(9):1311-7. doi: 10.3109/13880209.2014.980584. Epub 2015 Apr 10.

Molecular mechanisms of the protective role of wheat germ oil against cyclosporin A-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.

Author information

1
Pharmacology and Toxicology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Azhar University , Cairo , Egypt.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Cyclosporin A (CsA) is one of the most important immunosuppressive agents. However, its clinical use is strongly limited by several side effects including hepatotoxicity which remains a major clinical problem. Involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in CsA-induced hepatotoxicity has been reported.

OBJECTIVE:

This study investigates the potential protective role of wheat germ oil (WGO) as an antioxidant against CsA-induced hepatotoxicity.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Twenty-four male Wistar albino rats (six animals in each group) received castor oil, the vehicle of CsA i.p. (control) or either CsA (25 mg/kg/d i.p.), WGO (900 mg/kg/d by oral gavage), or CsA in combination with WGO daily for 21 d.

RESULTS:

CsA administration significantly increased serum levels of the liver enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). In addition, an increase in lipid peroxidation, inducible NO-synthase (iNOS), and NF-κB expression were observed in hepatic tissues of CsA-alone-treated rats. Furthermore, significant reduction in the hepatic content of reduced glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) was also observed in CsA-alone-treated animals. Moreover, histopathological changes occurred in CsA-alone-treated rats. Concomitant administration of WGO along with CsA improved all these parameters. Most interestingly, the immunosuppressive effect of CsA was not affected by WGO.

CONCLUSION:

The present study suggests that concomitant use of WGO might be useful in reducing liver toxicity induced by CsA via inhibition of ROS, iNOS, and NF-κB expression.

KEYWORDS:

Calcineurin inhibitors; liver toxicity; oxidative damage

PMID:
25858514
DOI:
10.3109/13880209.2014.980584
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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