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Qual Health Res. 2015 Jun;25(6):789-93. doi: 10.1177/1049732315580110. Epub 2015 Apr 9.

From themes to hypotheses: following up with quantitative methods.

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Portland State University, Portland, Oregon, USA


One important category of mixed-methods research designs consists of quantitative studies that follow up on qualitative research. In this case, the themes that serve as the results from the qualitative methods generate hypotheses for testing through the quantitative methods. That process requires operationalization to translate the concepts from the qualitative themes into quantitative variables. This article illustrates these procedures with examples that range from simple operationalization to the evaluation of complex models. It concludes with an argument for not only following up qualitative work with quantitative studies but also the reverse, and doing so by going beyond integrating methods within single projects to include broader mutual attention from qualitative and quantitative researchers who work in the same field.


follow-up studies; mixed methods; qualitative; sequential designs

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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