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J Med Entomol. 1989 Nov;26(6):615-23.

Interspecific competition among Aedes aegypti, Ae. albopictus, and Ae. triseriatus (Diptera: Culicidae): larval development in mixed cultures.


Interactions among the larvae of Aedes aegypti (L.), Ae. albopictus (Skuse), and Ae. triseriatus (Say) were studied in trispecific and bispecific mixed populations under laboratory and field conditions. Competitive stress (as evidenced by the average time to first, 50, and 75% pupation and the total pupation periods for mixed populations of each species in comparison with their single species controls) was more pronounced in mixed cultures reared in glass jars in the laboratory than in tires under field conditions. In the laboratory, the larval development of Ae. aegypti reared together with Ae. albopictus or Ae. triseriatus, or both, larvae was accelerated significantly. Conversely, the time to pupation for Ae. albopictus and Ae. triseriatus was delayed when reared with Ae. aegypti. However, the average wing length of female Ae. albopictus and Ae. triseriatus was greater in the mixed cultures than in single species cultures. These data indicated that the effect of intraspecific competition was greater than interspecific competition. Adequate food and higher temperature appeared to promote rapid development and higher survival of the immature stages of the three Aedes species in tires placed in the field. In general, Ae. triseriatus larvae required a longer period for larval development and had greater larval mortality than either Ae. aegypti or Ae. albopictus. In mixed populations of Ae, albopictus and Ae. aegypti in the jars and food-rich tires, the periods needed to attain first, 50, and 75% cumulative pupation were not significantly different than in single species controls. We conclude that no clear-cut displacement occurred in mixed experimental populations of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus.

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