Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Clin Neurol. 2015 Apr;11(2):149-56. doi: 10.3988/jcn.2015.11.2.149.

Effect of carotid artery stenting on cognitive function in patients with carotid artery stenosis: a prospective, 3-month-follow-up study.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
2
Department of Neurology, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.; Busan-Ulsan Regional Cardio-Cerebrovascular Center, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
3
Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4
Department of Neurology, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.; Dong-A Anti-aging Research Institute, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan, Korea. neuropark@dau.ac.kr.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is emerging as an alternative to carotid endarterectomy for the treatment of carotid artery stenosis (CS), but the effect of CAS on the cognitive function of patients with severe CS has not been fully investigated. The aim of this study was to use comprehensive neuropsychological tests to determine the effect of CAS on cognitive function from baseline to 3 months postprocedure in patients with severe CS.

METHODS:

Thirty-one patients due to undergo CAS due to high-grade CS (≥70%) and 11 control subjects who were diagnosed with CS, but who did not undergo CAS, and who visited the clinic or emergency room between February 2009 and February 2012 were recruited consecutively at baseline (i.e., pre-CAS). Follow-up neuropsychological evaluations after 3 months were completed by 23 of the 31 patients who underwent CAS, and by 10 of the 11 control subjects. The primary cognitive outcome was assessed using a neuropsychological test containing subcategories designed to test general cognitive function, attention, visuospatial function, language and related functions, memory, and frontal lobe/executive function.

RESULTS:

Of the 23 patients undergoing CAS who completed the 3-month follow-up tests, 12 had asymptomatic CS. During the 3-month follow-up period, the patients who underwent CAS and those with asymptomatic CS achieved similar results to the control group on all cognitive tests. However, symptomatic CS patients (n=11) who underwent CAS exhibited improvements in visuospatial function (p=0.046) and total Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery-Dementia Version scores (p=0.010) in comparison with both the asymptomatic CS patients and the control group.

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings of this study suggest that CAS has a positive effect on cognitive function in patients with symptomatic CS over a 3-month follow-up period. A long-term, multicenter, prospective case-control study would be helpful to predict quality of life and prognoses for patients undergoing CAS.

KEYWORDS:

carotid artery; cognition; prospective; stenosis; stenting; visuospatial

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Korean Neurological Association Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center