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J Sex Marital Ther. 2016 May 18;42(4):309-23. doi: 10.1080/0092623X.2015.1033577. Epub 2015 Apr 7.

Women in "Sexual" Pain: Exploring the Manifestations of Vulvodynia.

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a Department of Psychology, Queen's University , Kingston , Ontario , Canada.


This study explored the sexual and pain histories and pain presentations of women with forms of chronic vulvar pain (i.e., vulvodynia). One hundred and seventy-seven women with five subtypes of vulvodynia completed an online questionnaire. Groups were similar across several domains: participants experienced pain for many years during sexual and nonsexual activities, and pain was rated as moderate to severe. However, several differences emerged when considering pain development, number of sexual partners, and treatment seeking. This study illustrates how severe vulvodynia pain can be, regardless of subtype. However, not all vulvodynia sufferers are alike, and distinctions between research and clinical practice are highlighted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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