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Cogn Emot. 2016;30(4):807-16. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2015.1025707. Epub 2015 Apr 7.

Familiality of mood repair responses among youth with and without histories of depression.

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a Department of Psychiatry , University of Pittsburgh , Pittsburgh , PA , USA.
b Department of Psychology , Cleveland State University , Cleveland , OH , USA.
c Department of Psychology , University of South Florida , Tampa , FL USA.
d Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry , Szeged University , Szeged , Hungary.


Affect regulation skills develop in the context of the family environment, wherein youths are influenced by their parents', and possibly their siblings', regulatory responses and styles. Regulatory responses to sadness (mood repair) that exacerbate or prolong dysphoria (maladaptive mood repair) may represent one way in which depression is transmitted within families. We examined self-reported adaptive and maladaptive mood repair responses across cognitive, social and behavioural domains in Hungarian 11- to 19-year-old youth and their parents. Offspring included 214 probands with a history of childhood-onset depressive disorder, 200 never depressed siblings and 161 control peers. Probands reported the most problematic mood repair responses, with siblings reporting more modest differences from controls. Mood repair responses of parents and their offspring, as well as within sib-pairs, were related, although results differed as a function of the regulatory response domain. Results demonstrate familiality of maladaptive and adaptive mood repair responses in multiple samples. These familial associations suggest that relationships with parents and siblings within families may impact the development of affect regulation in youth.


Affect regulation; Familiality; Mood repair; Siblings; Youth

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