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Nat Med. 2015 May;21(5):492-7. doi: 10.1038/nm.3847. Epub 2015 Apr 13.

An RNAi therapeutic targeting antithrombin to rebalance the coagulation system and promote hemostasis in hemophilia.

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Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
Division of Hematology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. .
Unité d'Hémostase Clinique, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Université Lyon 1, Lyon, France.


Hemophilia A and B are inherited bleeding disorders characterized by deficiencies in procoagulant factor VIII (FVIII) or factor IX (FIX), respectively. There remains a substantial unmet medical need in hemophilia, especially in patients with inhibitory antibodies against replacement factor therapy, for novel and improved therapeutic agents that can be used prophylactically to provide effective hemostasis. Guided by reports suggesting that co-inheritance of prothrombotic mutations may ameliorate the clinical phenotype in hemophilia, we developed an RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutic (ALN-AT3) targeting antithrombin (AT) as a means to promote hemostasis in hemophilia. When administered subcutaneously, ALN-AT3 showed potent, dose-dependent, and durable reduction of AT levels in wild-type mice, mice with hemophilia A, and nonhuman primates (NHPs). In NHPs, a 50% reduction in AT levels was achieved with weekly dosing at approximately 0.125 mg/kg, and a near-complete reduction in AT levels was achieved with weekly dosing at 1.5 mg/kg. Treatment with ALN-AT3 promoted hemostasis in mouse models of hemophilia and led to improved thrombin generation in an NHP model of hemophilia A with anti-factor VIII inhibitors. This investigational compound is currently in phase 1 clinical testing in subjects with hemophilia A or B.

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