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Nano Lett. 2015 May 13;15(5):3115-21. doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b00181. Epub 2015 Apr 7.

Efficient directional excitation of surface plasmons by a single-element nanoantenna.

Yao W1, Liu S1, Liao H1, Li Z1, Sun C1,2, Chen J1,2, Gong Q1,2.

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†School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.
‡State Key Laboratory for Mesoscopic Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.


Directional light scattering is important in basic research and real applications. This area has been successfully downscaled to wavelength and subwavelength scales with the development of optical antennas, especially single-element nanoantennas. Here, by adding an auxiliary resonant structure to a single-element plasmonic nanoantenna, we show that the highly efficient lowest-order antenna mode can be effectively transferred into inactive higher-order modes. On the basis of this mode conversion, scattered optical fields can be well manipulated by utilizing the interference between different antenna modes. Both broadband directional excitation of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and inversion of SPP launching direction at different wavelengths are experimentally demonstrated as typical examples. The proposed strategy based on mode conversion and mode interference provides new opportunities for the design of nanoscale optical devices, especially directional nanoantennas.


directional scattering; mode conversion; nanoantenna; single-element; surface plasmon polaritons

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