Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Public Health (Oxf). 2016 Jun;38(2):300-7. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdv039. Epub 2015 Apr 5.

Romantic partner influences on prenatal and postnatal substance use in young couples.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06519, USA.
2
National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
3
School of Public Health, City University of New York, New York, NY, USA.
4
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Alcohol, tobacco and other drug use (ATOD) among adolescent and young adult couples during prenatal and postnatal periods is a significant public health problem, and couples may mutually influence each others' ATOD behaviors.

PURPOSE:

The current study investigated romantic partner influences on ATOD among adolescent and young adult couples during pregnancy and postnatal periods.

METHODS:

Participants were 296 young couples in the second or third trimester of pregnancy recruited from OBGYN clinics between July 2007 and February 2011. Participants completed questionnaires at prenatal, 6 months postnatal, and 12 months postnatal periods. Dyadic data analysis was conducted to assess the stability and interdependence of male and female ATOD over time.

RESULTS:

Male partner cigarette and marijuana use in the prenatal period significantly predicted female cigarette and marijuana use at 6 months postnatal (b = 0.14, P < 0.01; b = 0.11, P < 0.05, respectively). Male partner marijuana use at 6 months postnatal also significantly predicted female marijuana use at 12 months postnatal (b = 0.11, P < 0.05). Additionally, significant positive correlations were found for partner alcohol and marijuana at pre-pregnancy and 6 months postnatal, and partner cigarette use at pre-pregnancy, 6 months and 12 months postnatal.

CONCLUSIONS:

Partner ATOD among young fathers, particularly during the prenatal period, may play an important role in subsequent ATOD among young mothers during postnatal periods.

KEYWORDS:

public health; relationships; young people

PMID:
25848074
PMCID:
PMC6080526
DOI:
10.1093/pubmed/fdv039
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center