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Complement Ther Med. 2015 Apr;23(2):175-84. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2015.01.015. Epub 2015 Feb 9.

Tango for treatment of motor and non-motor manifestations in Parkinson's disease: a randomized control study.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, McGill University, Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
2
Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
3
Department of Neurology, McGill University, Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: ron.postuma@mcgill.ca.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine effects of Argentine tango on motor and non-motor manifestations of Parkinson's disease.

DESIGN:

Randomized control trial.

PARTICIPANTS:

Forty patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease.

SETTING:

Movement disorder clinic and dance studio.

INTERVENTION:

Two randomized groups: group (N=18) with 24 partnered tango classes, and control self-directed exercise group (N=15).

MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES:

The primary outcome was overall motor severity. Secondary outcomes included other motor measures, balance, cognition, fatigue, apathy, depression and quality of life.

RESULTS:

On the primary intention-to-treat analysis there was no difference in motor severity between groups MDS-UPDRS-3 (1.6 vs.1.2-point reduction, p=0.85). Patient-rated clinical global impression of change did not differ (p=0.33), however examiner rating improved in favor of tango (p=0.02). Mini-BESTest improved in the tango group compared to controls (0.7±2.2 vs. -2.7±5.9, p=0.032). Among individual items, tango improved in both simple TUG time (-1.3±1.6s vs. 0.1±2.3, p=0.042) and TUG Dual Task score (0.4±0.9 vs. -0.2±0.4, p=0.012), with borderline improvement in walk with pivot turns (0.2±0.5 vs. -0.1±0.5, p=0.066). MoCa (0.4±1.6 vs. -0.6±1.5, p=0.080) and FSS (-3.6±10.5 vs. 2.5±6.2, p=0.057) showed a non-significant trend toward improvement in the tango group. Tango participants found the activity more enjoyable (p<0.001) and felt more "overall" treatment satisfaction (p<0.001). We found no significant differences in other outcomes or adverse events.

CONCLUSION:

Argentine tango can improve balance, and functional mobility, and may have modest benefits upon cognition and fatigue in Parkinson's disease. These findings must be confirmed in longer-term trials explicitly powered for cognition and fatigue.

KEYWORDS:

Argentine tango; Dance therapy; Parkinson's disease; Treatment

PMID:
25847555
DOI:
10.1016/j.ctim.2015.01.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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