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Res Vet Sci. 2015 Jun;100:303-8. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2015.03.018. Epub 2015 Mar 20.

The impact of vehicle motion during transport on animal welfare.

Author information

1
Centre for Animal Welfare and Ethics, School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, Gatton 4343, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: eduardo.santurtunoliveros@uqconnect.edu.au.
2
Centre for Animal Welfare and Ethics, School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, Gatton 4343, Queensland, Australia.

Abstract

Motion sickness is a common response in humans and some species of farm livestock during transport, but research on the impact of motion has been primarily focused on the use of animal models for humans. During livestock transportation, animals seek to minimise uncontrolled movements to reduce energy consumption and maintain posture. Road and sea transport of livestock can produce motion sickness and stress responses. Clinical signs are the result of autonomous nervous system activation. Studies conducted on road transportation effects in domestic animals showed several motion sickness behaviours including vomiting and, in ruminants, a reduction in rumination. However, there is a lack of knowledge on the impact of sea transport motion. Despite the paucity of data on livestock, there is sufficient evidence to believe that motion might affect animal welfare when animals are transported by road or sea.

KEYWORDS:

Animal welfare; Livestock; Motion; Motion sickness; Stress; Transport

PMID:
25847285
DOI:
10.1016/j.rvsc.2015.03.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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