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Eur J Neurol. 2015 May;22(5):753-61. doi: 10.1111/ene.12706.

TDP-43 in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis - is it a prion disease?

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

Abstract

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a devastating disease characterized by rapidly progressive paresis. The neuropathological hallmark of most amyotrophic lateral sclerosis cases are neuronal and glial aggregates of phosphorylated 43-kDa TAR DNA-binding protein (pTDP-43). The accumulation of similar proteins into insoluble aggregates is now recognized as a common pathological hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases in general. Importantly, many of these proteins such as tau and amyloid-β in Alzheimer's disease and α-synuclein in Parkinson's show a stereotypical sequential distribution pattern with progressing disease. In this review, we discuss recent evidence that TDP-43 in ALS may propagate similarly to other neurodegenerative disease proteins. We furthermore delineate similarities and important differences of TDP-43 proteinopathies to prion diseases.

KEYWORDS:

TDP-43; amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; prion diseases

PMID:
25846565
DOI:
10.1111/ene.12706
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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