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J Exp Child Psychol. 2015 Aug;136:1-16. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2015.02.009. Epub 2015 Apr 4.

A person-centered approach to adolescent emotion regulation: Associations with psychopathology and parenting.

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Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA. Electronic address:
Department of Psychology, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA.
Department of Psychology, Rhode Island College, Providence, RI 02908, USA.

Erratum in

  • J Exp Child Psychol. 2016 Jan;141:294.


Adolescence is a unique period of heightened emotional arousal and still-developing regulatory abilities. Adolescent emotion regulation patterns may be critically involved in adolescents' psychosocial development, but patterns of emotion regulation in youths are not well understood. The current study used latent profile analysis (LPA) to elucidate patterns of emotion expression, experience, and emotion-related physiological arousal in adolescents. A sample of 198 adolescents and their primary caregivers participated in an emotionally arousing parent-adolescent conflict interaction. Adolescents' observed emotion expressions, emotion experiences, and heart rate (HR) and caregiver parenting behaviors were assessed during and/or after the interaction. Parents reported on adolescents' internalizing and externalizing symptoms, and youths reported on depressive symptoms. The LPA revealed four emotion regulation profiles: a moderate HR and high expression profile, a suppression profile (with low negative emotion expression and high emotion experience), a low reactive profile, and a high reactive profile. The moderate HR and high expression profile was associated with lower conduct disorder symptoms, the suppression profile was related to lower anxiety symptoms, and the high reactive profile was associated with higher adolescent depressive symptoms. The high reactive profile and moderate HR and high expression profile were associated with more negative/critical parenting behaviors. Findings suggest that profiles of adolescent emotion regulation can be empirically identified and may be significant risk factors for psychopathology.


Adolescence; Developmental Psychopathology; Emotion; Emotion regulation; Multimethod; Person-centered approach

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