Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Asian J Psychiatr. 2015 Feb;13:66-71. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2014.06.016. Epub 2014 Jul 5.

Risk factors of suicidal ideation among adolescents after Wenchuan earthquake in China.

Author information

1
Department of Social Work and Social Administration, Faculty of Social Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; Department of Psychiatry, West China School of Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China. Electronic address: msran@hku.hk.
2
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, West China School of Preclinical and Forensic Medicine and State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041 China.
3
West China School of Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, China.
4
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, West China School of Preclinical and Forensic Medicine and State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041 China. Electronic address: dzfang@scu.edu.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Suicidal ideation is a common phenomenon in survivors after disaster event.

AIM:

To identify the change of suicidal ideation, and to test hypotheses concerning the suicidal ideation, depression and PTSD symptoms among adolescent survivors after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China.

METHODS:

The suicidal ideation among high school students at 6, 12 and 18 months after the Wenchuan earthquake were investigated. Subjects included 737 student survivors in an affected high school. The PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) and the Chinese Beck Depression Inventory (C-BDI) were used to measure the symptoms of PTSD and depression.

RESULTS:

The rates of suicidal ideation among the adolescent survivors at 6-, 12- and 18-month after the earthquake were 35.6%, 35.6% and 30.7% respectively. Depression symptoms in the 18-month follow-up, suicidal ideations at 6 and 12 months after the earthquake were the independent risk factors of suicidal ideation in the 18-month follow-up. Depression symptoms were the strongest predictor of suicidal ideation after earthquake.

CONCLUSION:

An increased rate of suicidal ideation after the earthquake may be mainly due to depression but not to PTSD symptoms. The disaster-related psychological sequelae and the risk factors of suicidal ideation, especially depression symptoms, should be considered in the mental health services and suicide prevention.

KEYWORDS:

China; Depression; Earthquake; PTSD; Risk factors; Suicidal ideation

PMID:
25845324
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajp.2014.06.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center