Send to

Choose Destination
Korean J Anesthesiol. 2015 Apr;68(2):106-15. doi: 10.4097/kjae.2015.68.2.106. Epub 2015 Mar 30.

Statistical and methodological considerations for reporting RCTs in medical literature.

Author information

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Korea.
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.


Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are known to provide the most reliable evidence on intervention. However, RCTs are often conducted and reported incompletely and inadequately, making readers and reviewers unable to judge the validity and reliability of the trials. In this article, we consider the statistical and methodological issues involved in reporting on RCTs, particularly in relation to the objectives, designs, and commencements of trials. This paper deals with the various issues that should be considered in presenting RCTs, and suggests checklists for reporting on them. We expect that these checklists will remind readers and reviewers to evaluate manuscripts systematically and comprehensively, making those manuscripts more transparent and reliable.


Checklist; Methods; Randomized controlled trial; Statistics

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Publishing M2Community Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center