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J Clin Microbiol. 1989 Oct;27(10):2338-43.

Application of different chromosomal DNA restriction digest fingerprints to specific and subspecific identification of Campylobacter isolates.

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  • 1National Collection of Type Cultures, Central Public Health Laboratory, London, United Kingdom.


Eleven strains comprising representatives of different subspecies, biotypes, and serotypes of Campylobacter jejuni and reference strains of C. coli, C. fetus subsp. fetus, C. hyointestinalis, and C. sputorum subsp. sputorum were studied to assess the utility of different DNA profiles for measuring fine differences between allied bacteria. Strains were compared by analyses of HaeIII and XhoI digest patterns of chromosomal DNA and Southern blot hybridization patterns of XhoI digests obtained with an Escherichia coli 16S + 23S rRNA gene probe. Visual comparisons and numerical analyses of the HaeIII and XhoI digest patterns both revealed clear differences between the five Campylobacter species and between representatives of C. jejuni subspecies and biotypes. Only strains with the same Penner serotype gave identical total digest polymorphisms. The advantages of XhoI total digests and Southern blot hybridization patterns were that they were less complex than the HaeIII patterns and easier to compare visually. However, numerical analysis of XhoI data resulted in reduced discrimination. We conclude that DNA fingerprinting using either HaeIII or XhoI fragment polymorphisms has considerable potential as a generally applicable method for identification of Campylobacter isolates, especially at the infrasubspecific level.

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