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Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2015 Sep-Oct;11(5):1061-8. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2014.12.029. Epub 2015 Jan 5.

Comparison of the effects of Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy and LRYGB with small stomach pouch on type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients with BMI<35 kg/m(2).

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, People's Republic of China.
2
Department of Surgery, Englewood Hospital and Medical Center, New Jersey.
3
Department of General Surgery, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: zhushaihong@medmail.com.cn.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

OBJECTIVE:

Based on distinct epidemiologic features of Chinese type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, who tend to have abdominal fat deposition, but with normal or mildly overweight epidemiologic features, our center initially had treated T2DM with body mass index (BMI)<35 kg/m² by performing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy since 2008. This procedure is successful in treating abnormal glucose metabolism but not in improving abdominal visceral obesity. However, since 2011, laparoscopic Roux-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) with a small stomach pouch has been performed at our center, with prominent resolution of abdominal visceral obesity and lower incidences of postoperative complications. The purpose of the present study was to formally compare these different procedures.

METHODS:

From 2011 to 2013, 60 patients who met the NIH criteria were recruited and randomly assigned to undergo either laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy (n = 30) or LRYGB with a small stomach pouch (n = 30). All of the patients were followed for 12 months, and pre- and postoperative changes in BMI, waist circumference, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial plasma glucose (PBG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), homoeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR), the body fat rate and major complications were recorded.

RESULTS:

Both procedures were successful in reducing HbA1c, FPG, and PBG levels and HOMA-IR scores. However, LRYGB with a small stomach pouch resulted in a greater reduction in FPG, PBG, and HbA1c levels, and HOMA-IR scores compared with Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy. In addition, the reductions in BMI, body fat content, waist circumference, and the incidence of postoperative marginal ulcers in the small-stomach-pouch LRYGB were significant.

CONCLUSIONS:

Both procedures are effective treatments for T2DM patients with BMI<35 kg/m². However, the advantages of resolved abnormal glucose metabolism and abdominal visceral obesity and decreased incidences of surgical complications are more obvious for LRYGB with a small gastric pouch. Potentially, LRYGB with a small gastric pouch is more suitable for Chinese diabetic patients with BMI <35 kg/m².

KEYWORDS:

Abdominal visceral obesity; Insulin resistance; Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB); Stomach pouch; T2DM with BMI<35 kg/m²

PMID:
25843397
DOI:
10.1016/j.soard.2014.12.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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