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Eksp Klin Gastroenterol. 2014;(11):14-8.

[Psychoemotional status and "adaptation diseases" at patients with the peptic ulcer in Ural Federal Territory].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

RESEARCH OBJECTIVE:

To study the psycho-emotional status and prevalence of the coronary heart disease (CHD) and the idiopathic hypertensia (IH) at patients with the peptic ulcer of a stomach (PUS) and at patients with a peptic ulcer of a duodenum is (YaB DPK).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Examination of 226 patients with an exacerbation of a peptic ulcer was conducted. Patients were distributed in 3 groups of observation depending on localization of ulcerative process. At all surveyed questioning was carried out, data on heriditary burdeness, smoking, alcohol intake, existence of somatopathies were specified, clinic-morphological implications of a peptic ulcer were studied.

RESULTS:

Feeling of alarm was present at 109 (48.2%) patients with a peptic ulcer, from them at 92 (40.7%) the subclinical level of alarm is noted, and at 17 (7.5%) clinically expressed form is taped. At 39.3% of the examined patients the depression is defined, from them two thirds of patients had the subclinical level of a depression, and 13 people suffered from clinically expressed depression form. Communication of recurrence with a stress was noted at 86.0% of patients, professionally caused stress--at 44.4%. In our research at the time of the beginning of a disease prevalence of an ischemic heart disease among patients with an ulcer of a duodenum (DPK) made 18.2%. In group of patients with the combined localization of ulcerative defect in a stomach and in DPK which already had an ischemic heart disease before emergence of the second ulcerative defect there were 26.6% that statistically significantly doesn't differ. However that by the time of emergence of the combined lesion this category of patients made already 73.4% is indicative. In case of DPK ulcer prevalence of an ischemic heart disease increased from the moment of the beginning of a disease until carrying out research twice (to 36.4%), but patients with the combined ultserozny lesion nevertheless distinguished both larger initial prevalence of an ischemic heart disease, and more expressed its gain. At the time of the beginning of a disease of GB met in a group of persons with the isolated ulcerative defect authentically more often (36.4% against 18.7% in group of patients with the combined localization of an ulcer). At the time of carrying out research prevalence of GB among patients with DPK ulcer (47.7%) whereas in group of the combined lesion of a stomach and DPK of GB without ischemic heart disease there was only every fourth patient remained significant by 2,7 times (DI 1.2-6.3). The combination of associated diseases of an ischemic heart disease and GB at patients with the advent of an ulcer at the same time in a stomach and DPK practically always met at the persons abusing alcohol and tobacco smoking that in general enlarges risk of development of an ulcer of the second localization by 7,6 times

CONCLUSION:

At the peptic ulcer (PU) of any localization the previous stress conducting quite often to formation of alarm and a depression conducts to also education a stress--the induced conditions, for example, of an arterial hypertonia, and later--to an ischemic heart disease. As specific to every second patient with the combined form of a peptic ulcer of a stomach and a duodenum it is possible to consider a polisintropiya from such the comorbidity diseases as coronary heart disease and an idiopathic hypertensia. The combination of these associated diseases to alcohol intake and tobacco smoking progressively enlarges risk of development of a peptic ulcer of the combined localization by 7,6 times in comparison with the isolated duodenum canker.

RESEARCH OBJECTIVE:

To define influence of the comorbidity diseases and risk.

PMID:
25842657
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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