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J Biol Chem. 1989 Dec 5;264(34):20526-31.

Structure of human lysosomal membrane glycoprotein 1. Assignment of disulfide bonds and visualization of its domain arrangement.

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  • 1Department of Physiological Chemistry, University of UmeĆ„, Sweden.


The amino acid sequence of one of the major lysosomal membrane glycoproteins, lysosome-associated membrane protein 1 (lamp-1), was deduced from its cDNA sequence (Fukuda, M., Viitala, J., Matteson, J., and Carlsson, S. R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 18920-18928). This amino acid sequence suggests that lamp-1 contains a hinge-like structure and could form disulfide bridges that are observed in the immunoglobulin superfamily. To test this possibility, we have determined the positions of the disulfide bridges by isolating and sequencing cystine-containing peptides which contain disulfide bridges. The results indicate that disulfide arrangement of lamp-1 is different from that of immunoglobulins. Each molecule contains, in total, four loops formed by disulfide bonds, and each loop contains 36-39 amino acid residues. However, none of the disulfide bonds connects two domains that are separated by a hinge-like structure. The results indicate that the hinge region has no ordered structure, and the relative positions of the two domains can be altered in space. Examination of the ultrastructure of lamp-1 by electron microscopy showed that the hinge-like structure actually functions as a hinge. These results indicate that the lamp-1 molecule represents a novel family of glycoproteins with unique structural properties.

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