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Patient Educ Couns. 2015 Jul;98(7):871-7. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2015.03.013. Epub 2015 Mar 23.

Assessing Option Grid® practicability and feasibility for facilitating shared decision making: An exploratory study.

Author information

1
The Dartmouth Center for Health Care Delivery Science, Dartmouth College, Hanover, USA. Electronic address: tsulukidze.maka@gmail.com.
2
The Dartmouth Center for Health Care Delivery Science, Dartmouth College, Hanover, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the feasibility of Option Grids(®)for facilitating shared decision making (SDM) in simulated clinical consultations and explore clinicians' views on their practicability.

METHODS:

We used mixed methods approach to analyze clinical consultations using the Observer OPTION instrument and thematic analysis for follow-up interviews with clinicians.

RESULTS:

Clinicians achieved high scores on information sharing and low scores on preference elicitation and integration. Four themes were identified: (1) Barriers affect practicability of Option Grids(®); (2) Option Grids(®) facilitate the SDM process; (3) Clinicians are aware of the gaps in their practice of SDM; (4) Training and ongoing feedback on the optimal use of Option Grids(®) are necessary.

CONCLUSION:

Use of Option Grids(®) by clinicians with background knowledge in SDM did not facilitate optimal levels of competency on the SDM core concepts of preference elicitation and integration. Future research must evaluate the impact of training on the use of Option Grids(®), and explore how best to help clinicians bridge the gap between knowledge and action.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

Clinicians proficiently imparting information in simulations struggled to elicit and integrate patient preferences - understanding this gap and developing strategies to close it are the next steps for implementing SDM into clinical practice.

KEYWORDS:

Decision aids; Decision support tools; Option Grid(®); Shared decision making

PMID:
25841546
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2015.03.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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