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J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2015 May 1;16(5):439.e9-439.e16. doi: 10.1016/j.jamda.2015.02.005. Epub 2015 Apr 2.

Effects of an Oral Nutritional Supplementation Plus Physical Exercise Intervention on the Physical Function, Nutritional Status, and Quality of Life in Frail Institutionalized Older Adults: The ACTIVNES Study.

Author information

1
Geriatrics Department, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Albacete, Albacete, Spain. Electronic address: pabizanda@sescam.jccm.es.
2
Centro Residencial Jardín de Tardajos, Burgos, Spain.
3
Department of Medicine, Orpea Group, Madrid, Spain.
4
Residencia Núñez de Balboa, Geriatrics Department, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Albacete, Albacete, Spain.
5
Residencia de Ancianos de la Diputación Provincial de Burgos, Geriatrics Department, Burgos, Spain.
6
Medical Affairs Department, Nestlé Health Science-Nestlé España, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The objective of this study was to assess the effects of a hyperproteic, hypercaloric oral nutritional supplement with prebiotic fiber, vitamin D, and calcium, plus a standardized physical intervention, in the functional status, strength, nutritional status, and quality of life of frail institutionalized older adults.

DESIGN:

Multicentric prospective observational study under usual clinical practice conditions.

SETTING:

Four nursing homes from Burgos (2), Albacete, and Madrid, Spain.

PARTICIPANTS:

Participants included 91 institutionalized older adults (age ≥70), able to walk 50 m, and meeting at least 3 of the Fried frailty phenotype criteria.

INTERVENTION:

Daily intake of two 200-mL bottles of an oral nutritional supplement, each bottle containing 300 kcal, 20 g protein, 3 g fiber, 500 IU vitamin D, and 480 mg calcium, plus a standardized physical exercise training consisting of flexibility, balance, and strengthening exercises for arms and legs, 5 days per week.

MEASUREMENTS:

Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Short-Form-Late-Life Function and Disability Instrument (SF-LLFDI) function subscale, handgrip strength, EuroQoL-5 Dimensions visual analogic scale (EQ5DVAS), weight, body mass index (BMI), and Short-Form Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA-SF) at baseline and 6 and 12 weeks.

RESULTS:

Forty-eight participants (52.7%) improved at least 1 point in the SPPB at week 6, and 44 (48.4%) did so at week 12; 39 participants (42.9%) improved at least 2 points in the SF-LLFDI at week 6, and 46 (50.5%) at week 12. Participants improved their quality of life measured with the EQ5DVAS by 6% (95% confidence interval [CI] 3%-10%) at week 6, and by 5% (95% CI 0%-10%) at week 12. They also improved their nutritional status (weight gain, BMI increase, and higher MNA-SF scores at 6- and 12-week follow-up). This improvement was higher in participants with more frailty criteria, lower functional level, lower vitamin D levels, and poorer nutritional status.

CONCLUSION:

A 12-week intervention with oral nutritional supplementation plus physical exercise improves function, nutritional status, and quality of life in frail institutionalized older adults.

KEYWORDS:

Frail elderly; function; nursing homes; nutrition enteral; physical exercise

Comment in

PMID:
25841327
DOI:
10.1016/j.jamda.2015.02.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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