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Res Dev Disabil. 2015 May;40:42-50. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2015.01.008. Epub 2015 Apr 2.

Urinary incontinence in spina bifida: Initial instrument validation.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, United States; Harvard Medical School, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, United States. Electronic address: kchubert@iupui.edu.
2
Clinical Research Program, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, United States; Harvard Medical School, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, United States.
3
Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, United States.
4
Department of Urology, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, United States; Harvard Medical School, Boston Children's Hospital, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, United States.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to perform a psychometric assessment of the Incontinence Symptom Index-Pediatric (ISI-P) in a cohort of adolescents with spina bifida (SB) and neuropathic urinary incontinence (UI) to test its validity and reliability. The ISI-P, an 11-item instrument with domains for symptom severity and impairment, was self-administered by subjects 11-17 years old with SB and UI. Controls were 11-17 years old, with nephrolithiasis and no history of UI. Formal psychometric assessment included an evaluation of internal consistency, test re-test reliability and factor analysis. Of 78 study-eligible subjects we attempted to contact, 33 (66.7% female) with a median age of 13.1 years completed the ISI-P (42.3% response rate). 21 control patients also completed the ISI-P. Cronbach's alpha was 0.936 and 0.792 for the severity and bother factors respectively. The delta Chi-square test for the two-factor (vs. one-factor) model was significantly [χ(2)(89) = 107.823, p < 0.05] in favor of the former model with descriptive fit indices being excellent (e.g., comparative fit index = 0.969). Furthermore, category information analysis showed that all categories were associated with different threshold values, namely that each category contributed unique information for the measurement of the latent trait. In conclusion, the ISI-P has desirable psychometric properties for the measurement of UI symptom severity and impairment in adolescents with SB.

KEYWORDS:

Differential item functioning (DIF); Rasch; Spina bifida; Urinary incontinence

PMID:
25841183
DOI:
10.1016/j.ridd.2015.01.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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