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Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2015 Feb 3;17(2):e12863. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.12863. eCollection 2015 Feb.

Health knowledge, attitude and practice among Iranian pilgrims.

Author information

1
Hajj and Pilgrimage Health Research Center, Tehran, IR Iran.
2
Representative of Iranian Hajj and Pilgrimage Medical Center, Madinah Almonavvarah, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Iran has the highest number of Umrah pilgrims among Islamic countries. Health care plays a major role in fulfilling the Umrah rites. Pilgrims' health situation depends on their health knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP).

OBJECTIVES:

In this study, we aimed to determine the health KAP among Iranian Umrah pilgrims.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

In this cross-sectional study, 157 Iranian Umrah pilgrims were randomly selected in Mecca, Saudi Arabia in June 2011. Data were collected using a questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of demographic information (sex, age, degree of education, and resource of health knowledge), health knowledge (5 questions), health attitude (5 questions) and health practice (10 questions).

RESULTS:

Level of knowledge were very low in 12.1%, low in 25.2%, average in 38.1%, good in 20.4% and very good in 4.2% of respondents. Mean and standard deviation of attitude score was 18.58 ± 2.20 out of 25 (ranged between 13.00 and 25.00). The pilgrims were given 74.2 % out of total score. The Mean and standard deviation of practice score was 8.19 ± 1.32 out of 10 (ranged between 3 and 10). Although the old and low educated pilgrims had little knowledge of health tips, they had a good health attitude and practice.

CONCLUSIONS:

Educational strategy to improve knowledge regarding health-related problems and to develop health practices among pilgrims is needed.

KEYWORDS:

Attitude; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Public Health Practice

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