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Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2015 Feb 3;17(2):e12863. doi: 10.5812/ircmj.12863. eCollection 2015 Feb.

Health knowledge, attitude and practice among Iranian pilgrims.

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Hajj and Pilgrimage Health Research Center, Tehran, IR Iran.
Representative of Iranian Hajj and Pilgrimage Medical Center, Madinah Almonavvarah, Saudi Arabia.



Iran has the highest number of Umrah pilgrims among Islamic countries. Health care plays a major role in fulfilling the Umrah rites. Pilgrims' health situation depends on their health knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP).


In this study, we aimed to determine the health KAP among Iranian Umrah pilgrims.


In this cross-sectional study, 157 Iranian Umrah pilgrims were randomly selected in Mecca, Saudi Arabia in June 2011. Data were collected using a questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of demographic information (sex, age, degree of education, and resource of health knowledge), health knowledge (5 questions), health attitude (5 questions) and health practice (10 questions).


Level of knowledge were very low in 12.1%, low in 25.2%, average in 38.1%, good in 20.4% and very good in 4.2% of respondents. Mean and standard deviation of attitude score was 18.58 ± 2.20 out of 25 (ranged between 13.00 and 25.00). The pilgrims were given 74.2 % out of total score. The Mean and standard deviation of practice score was 8.19 ± 1.32 out of 10 (ranged between 3 and 10). Although the old and low educated pilgrims had little knowledge of health tips, they had a good health attitude and practice.


Educational strategy to improve knowledge regarding health-related problems and to develop health practices among pilgrims is needed.


Attitude; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Public Health Practice

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