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Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2015 Jun;133:40-5. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2015.03.003. Epub 2015 Mar 14.

The strategy and early clinical outcome of full-endoscopic L5/S1 discectomy through interlaminar approach.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing 100048, China. Electronic address: lizhenzhou2014@163.com.
2
Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing 100048, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To analyze the surgical strategy, safety and clinical outcome of full-endoscopic discectomy through interlaminar approach in the case of L5/S1 intervertebral disc excision.

METHODS:

From April 2011 to December 2011, 72 cases of intracanalicular non-contained disc herniations at L5/S1 level were treated with full-endoscopic discectomy through interlaminar approach. L5/S1 disc herniation was divided into three types according to position of herniated disc related to S1 nerve root: axilla type, ventral type and shoulder type. Axilla approach was selected for axilla type while shoulder approach was selected for ventral type and shoulder type. After operation, MRI was reexamined to evaluate the resection completeness of prolapsed disc material. Visual analog scales (VAS) of low back pain and sciatica, and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were recorded in certain preoperative and postoperative time points. MacNab scores were evaluated at the 12-month follow-up.

RESULTS:

All operations were completed without conversion to other surgical techniques. Average operation time was 45 min (20-80 min). Only one reoccurrence was revised with microendoscopic discectomy. No nerve injury and infection were complicated. Postoperative ODI and VAS of low back pain and sciatica were significantly decreased in each time point (P < 0.05). MacNab scores of 12-month follow-up include 44 excellent, 26 good, 1 fair and 1 poor.

CONCLUSION:

With proper selection between axilla approach and shoulder approach according to the sites of prolapsed or sequestered disc materials, full-endoscopic L5/S1 discectomy through interlaminar approach is a safe, rational and effective minimally invasive spine surgery technique with excellent clinical short-term outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

Interlaminar discectomy; L5/S1 discectomy; Lumbar disc herniation; Minimally invasive spine surgery; Percutaneous endoscopic discectomy

PMID:
25837573
DOI:
10.1016/j.clineuro.2015.03.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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