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Emerg Med Int. 2015;2015:284908. doi: 10.1155/2015/284908. Epub 2015 Mar 5.

If hunters end up in the emergency room: a retrospective analysis of hunting injuries in a swiss emergency department.

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1
Department of Emergency Medicine, University Hospital and University of Bern, Freiburgstrasse 16c, 3010 Bern, Switzerland.

Abstract

AIM:

to characterize the mechanisms, patterns, and outcomes of nonfatal hunting-related injuries in patients presenting to Bern University Hospital, Switzerland, and compare these to reports of hunting injuries worldwide.

METHODS:

patients presenting with hunting-related injuries to the Emergency Department at Bern University hospital from 2000 to 2014 were identified by retrospectively searching the department database using the keyword "hunt." Each case was analyzed in terms of the patient age and gender, the mechanism and pattern of injury, and management and patient follow-up.

RESULTS:

19 patients were identified. 16 were male with a mean age of 50 years (range: 16-74). Mechanisms of injury included firearm-related injuries, falls, and knife wounds. The most common patterns of injury were head injuries (7), followed by injuries to the upper (5) or lower limb (5) and trunk (2). Over half of the patients were admitted, and nine required emergency surgery.

CONCLUSION:

Nonfatal hunting accidents in Bern, Switzerland, are largely caused by firearms and falls and tend to occur in male hunters with a mean age of 50 years. The most common patterns of injury are orthopedic and head injuries, often requiring surgery. These findings are consistent with international studies of nonfatal hunting accidents.

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