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J Eat Disord. 2015 Mar 31;3:11. doi: 10.1186/s40337-015-0040-8. eCollection 2015.

Anorexia nervosa - medical complications.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, ACUTE at Denver Health, and Eating Recovery Center, Denver, CO - 777 Bannock Street, MC4000, Denver, CO 80204, 7351 E Lowry Blvd, Suite 200, Denver, CO 80230 USA.
2
Department of Medicine, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center and ACUTE at Denver Health, Denver, CO - 777 Bannock Street, MC4000, Denver, CO 80204 USA.

Abstract

In contrast to other mental health disorders, eating disorders have a high prevalence of concomitant medical complications. Specifically, patients suffering from anorexia nervosa (AN) have a litany of medical complications which are commonly present as part of their eating disorders. Almost every body system can be adversely, affected by this state of progressive malnutrition. Moreover, some of the complications can have permanent adverse effects even after there is a successful program of nutritional rehabilitation and weight restoration. Within this article we will review all body systems affected by AN. There is also salient information about both, how to diagnose these medical complications and which are the likely ones to result in permanent sequelae if not diagnosed and addressed early in the course of AN. In a subsequent article, the definitive medical treatment for these complications will be presented in a clinically practical manner.

KEYWORDS:

Anorexia nervosa; Cardiac; Complications; Gastrointestinal; Medical; Osteoporosis

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