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Cell Physiol Biochem. 2015;35(5):1689-705. doi: 10.1159/000373982. Epub 2015 Mar 18.

Roundabout4 suppresses glioma-induced endothelial cell proliferation, migration and tube formation in vitro by inhibiting VEGR2-mediated PI3K/AKT and FAK signaling pathways.

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1
Department of Neurosurgery, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

Endothelial cell (EC) proliferation, migration, and tube formation are the critical steps for tumor angiogenesis, which is involved in the formation of new tumor blood vessels. Roundabout4 (Robo4), a new member of Robo proteins family, is specifically expressed in endothelial cells. This study aimed to investigate the effects of Robo4 on glioma-induced endothelial cell proliferation, migration and tube formation in vitro.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We found that Robo4 was endogenously expressed in Human Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cells (HBMECs), while Robo4 was significantly down-regulated in endothelial cells cultured in glioma conditioned medium. Robo4 over-expression remarkably suppressed glioma-induced endothelial cell proliferation, migration and tube formation in vitro. In addition, Robo4 influenced the glioma-induced angiogenesis via binding to its ligand Slit2. Further studies demonstrated that the knockdown of Robo4 up-regulated the phosphorylation of VEGFR2, PI3K, AKT and FAK in EC cultured in glioma conditioned medium. VEGFR2 inhibitor SU-1498, AKT inhibitor LY294002 and FAK inhibitor 14 (FAK inhibitor) blocked the Robo4 knockdown-mediated alteration in glioma angiogenesis in vitro.

CONCLUSION:

Our results proved that Robo4 suppressed glioma-induced endothelial cell proliferation, migration and tube formation in vitro by inhibiting VEGR2-mediated activation of PI3K/AKT and FAK signaling pathways.

PMID:
25833462
DOI:
10.1159/000373982
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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