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The effects of substrate utilization, manipulated by caffeine, on post-exercise oxygen consumption in untrained female subjects.

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Department of Human Movement Studies, University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Australia.


The effect of substrate utilization manipulated by caffeine on post-exercise oxygen consumption was investigated in five untrained females (age = 21 +/- 1.5 years), following 90 min of treadmill walking at 55% maximal oxygen consumption. Each subject participated in the two trials (control and experimental) within 2 weeks of each other. Immediately following the measurement of resting oxygen consumption, subjects consumed one of the two test beverages 60 min prior to exercise: 5 mg of caffeine per kg of body-weight in 200 ml of orange juice (CA) or 200 ml of orange juice (C). Assignment of CA and C was made in a random, double blind fashion. Immediately prior to the exercise phase (0 min) resting oxygen consumption was again measured. Following exercise, subjects returned to the same pre-exercise sitting position where respiratory data was collected over 1 h. No significant differences were found in resting oxygen consumption and respiratory exchange ratio (R) prior to caffeine ingestion (-60 min). One hour after caffeine ingestion (0 min) oxygen consumption and free fatty acid (FFA) levels increased significantly compared to C. During and 1 h following exercise, oxygen consumption and FFA levels were significantly greater, with R values being significantly lower in CA compared to C. These findings provide further evidence that metabolic substrate is somehow implicated in elevating oxygen consumption following exercise cessation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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