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Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 2015 Apr;28(2):151-6.

Impact of the DASH diet on endothelial function, exercise capacity, and quality of life in patients with heart failure.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital, Park Ridge, IL (Rifai); Heart Failure Institute, Advocate Christ Medical Center, Oak Lawn, IL (Rifai, Pisano, Hayden, Silver); James R. & Helen D. Russell Institute for Research & Innovation, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital, Park Ridge, IL (Sulo); and the Department of Medicine, Advocate Christ Medical Center, Oak Lawn, IL (Silver).

Abstract

Endothelial dysfunction has been recognized as a pathophysiologic mechanism in the progression of heart failure (HF). However, little attention has been given to the ability of dietary approaches to improve endothelial function. This study examined the effects of the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet on endothelial function, exercise capacity, and quality of life in patients with chronic symptomatic (stage C) HF. Forty-eight patients were randomized to follow the DASH diet (n = 24) or the general HF dietary recommendations (n = 24). Endothelial function was assessed by measuring large and small arterial elasticity (LAE and SAE) at rest. Exercise capacity (measured with the 6-minute walk test) and quality of life (measured with the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire) at baseline and 3 months were also evaluated. Patients were older adults with an average HF duration of 5 years. LAE at 1 month improved significantly in the DASH diet group (P < 0.01). Overall LAE and SAE scores at 3 months also improved; however, the net changes were not statistically significant. The DASH group had better exercise capacity (292 m vs 197 m; P = 0.018) and quality of life scores (21 vs 39; P = 0.006) over time, while sodium intake levels at 1, 2, and 3 months were comparable between the groups. Adhering to the DASH diet improved arterial compliance initially and improved exercise capacity and quality of life scores at 3 months. The DASH diet may be an important adjunctive therapy for patients with symptomatic HF.

PMID:
25829641
PMCID:
PMC4365107

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