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Int J Cardiol. 2015;187:175-82. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.03.107. Epub 2015 Mar 11.

Sports participation in adults with congenital heart disease.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Erasmus Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
2
Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry/Psychology, Erasmus Medical Center-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
3
Department of Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
4
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
5
Institute of Sports Medicine and Science, Rome, Italy.
6
Department of Cardiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: j.roos@erasmusmc.nl.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It is unclear whether sports participation in adults with repaired congenital heart disease is safe and has benefits.

METHODS:

Congenital heart disease (ConHD) patients who underwent corrective surgery for Atrial Septal Defect, Ventricular Septal Defect, Pulmonary Stenosis, Tetralogy of Fallot or Transposition of the Great Arteries in our center between 1968 and 1980 were included, and participated in our longitudinal follow-up study with serial evaluations in 2001 and 2011. At both time points patients filled in questionnaires on sports participation, subjective physical functioning and quality of life. Exercise testing, echocardiogram and 24-hour continuous ambulatory ECG-monitoring were performed in both 2001 and 2011. All clinical events (re-intervention, arrhythmia, heart failure) were prospectively recorded.

RESULTS:

No relationship was found between practicing sports and the occurrence of sudden death, PVCs or SVTs. Patients with moderate/complex forms of ConHD practiced fewer hours of sports compared with the general Dutch normative population. Patients with both simple and moderate/complex ConHD who practiced sports showed a higher exercise capacity. More favorable subjective physical functioning was found for moderate/complex patients who practiced sports.

CONCLUSIONS:

Adults with repaired ConHD are less often involved in sports than the Dutch general population. The patients that were engaged in sports show a higher exercise capacity than those who did not. Sports participation in patients with ConHD was not associated with an increased incidence of adverse cardiac events.

KEYWORDS:

Arrhythmia; Congenital heart disease; Quality of life; Safety; Sport

PMID:
25828347
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.03.107
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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