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Drug Alcohol Depend. 2015 Jun 1;151:258-61. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.02.025. Epub 2015 Mar 3.

Performance of the RAPS4/RAPS4-QF for DSM-5 compared to DSM-IV alcohol use disorders in the general population: Data from the 2000-2010 National Alcohol Surveys.

Author information

1
Alcohol Research Group, 6475 Christie Avenue, Suite 400, Emeryville, CA 94608, United States. Electronic address: ccherpitel@arg.org.
2
Alcohol Research Group, 6475 Christie Avenue, Suite 400, Emeryville, CA 94608, United States.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A number of relatively short screening instruments have been developed for identifying alcohol use disorders (AUD), but performance has been evaluated against the standard Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental and Behavior Disorders (DSM) criteria, and it is not known how screening instruments may perform based on the newly formulated DSM-5 criteria, which is a radical departure from previous versions of the DSM. Analyzed here is the performance of the RAPS4/RAPS4-QF against DSM-5 criteria for AUD compared to DSM-IV dependence and abuse criteria.

METHODS:

Sensitivity and specificity are analyzed in a merged sample of 21,386 respondents from three National Alcohol Surveys of the U.S. general population (2000, 2005, 2010).

RESULTS:

Sensitivity of the RAPS4 was lower for DSM-5 AUD (62.5%) than for DSM-IV dependence (88%), while the RAPS4-QF was higher for DSM-5 AUD (90.3%) than for DSM-IV abuse (81.3%), or abuse/dependence (85.8%), while maintaining good specificity (84%). Sensitivity of the RAPS4-QF was higher for males (92%) compared to females (86.6%) and highest for whites (93.8%) followed by Hispanics (84.2%) and blacks (82.4%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Screening instruments may not perform similarly for DSM-5 as for DSM-IV AUD, and data here suggest the RAPS4-QF may be a good instrument choice for identifying those meeting criteria for DSM-5 AUD. These data also suggest the need for additional research and a similar evaluation of other commonly used screening instruments for DSM-5 AUD.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol use disorders; DSM-5; RAPS4/RAPS4-QF

PMID:
25823905
PMCID:
PMC4447537
DOI:
10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2015.02.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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