Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2015 Dec;89(Pt A):51-8. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2015.03.014. Epub 2015 Mar 27.

Non-coding RNA in control of gene regulatory programs in cardiac development and disease.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, CARIM School for Cardiovascular Diseases, Maastricht University, 6229 ER Maastricht, The Netherlands.
2
Department of Cardiology, CARIM School for Cardiovascular Diseases, Maastricht University, 6229 ER Maastricht, The Netherlands; Department of Molecular Medicine, International Centre of Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), 34149 Trieste, Italy.
3
Department of Cardiology, CARIM School for Cardiovascular Diseases, Maastricht University, 6229 ER Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: l.dewindt@maastrichtuniversity.nl.

Abstract

Organogenesis of the vertebrate heart is a highly specialized process involving progressive specification and differentiation of distinct embryonic cardiac progenitor cell populations driven by specialized gene programming events. Likewise, the onset of pathologies in the adult heart, including cardiac hypertrophy, involves the reactivation of embryonic gene programs. In both cases, these intricate genomic events are temporally and spatially regulated by complex signaling networks and gene regulatory networks. Apart from well-established transcriptional mechanisms, increasing evidence indicates that gene programming in both the developing and the diseased myocardium are under epigenetic control by non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). MicroRNAs regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level, and numerous studies have now established critical roles for this species of tiny RNAs in a broad range of aspects from cardiogenesis towards adult heart failure. Recent reports now also implicate the larger family of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in these processes as well. Here we discuss the involvement of these two ncRNA classes in proper cardiac development and hypertrophic disease processes of the adult myocardium. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Non-coding RNAs.

KEYWORDS:

Gene expression; MicroRNA; Non-coding RNA; lncRNA

PMID:
25820097
DOI:
10.1016/j.yjmcc.2015.03.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center