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Diabetologia. 2015 Jun;58(6):1231-8. doi: 10.1007/s00125-015-3569-9. Epub 2015 Mar 28.

Common variants in or near ZNRF1, COLEC12, SCYL1BP1 and API5 are associated with diabetic retinopathy in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes.

Author information

1
Shanghai Diabetes Institute, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Diabetes Mellitus, Shanghai Clinical Center for Diabetes, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 Yishan Road, Shanghai, 200233, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

Three recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identified several single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with modest effects on diabetic retinopathy in Mexican-American and white patients with diabetes. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of these variants on diabetic retinopathy in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes.

METHODS:

A total of 1,972 patients with type 2 diabetes were recruited to this study, including 819 patients with diabetic retinopathy and 1,153 patients with diabetes of ≥5 years duration but without retinopathy. Forty SNPs associated with diabetic retinopathy in three GWAS were genotyped. Fundus photography was performed to diagnose and classify diabetic retinopathy.

RESULTS:

rs17684886 in ZNRF1 and rs599019 near COLEC12 were associated with diabetic retinopathy (OR 0.812, p = 0.0039 and OR 0.835, p = 0.0116, respectively) and with the severity of diabetic retinopathy (p = 0.0365 and p = 0.0252, respectively, for trend analysis). Sub-analysis in patients with diabetic retinopathy revealed that rs6427247 near SCYL1BP1 (also known as GORAB) and rs899036 near API5 were associated with severe diabetic retinopathy (OR 1.368, p = 0.0333 and OR 0.340, p = 0.0005, respectively). The associations between rs6427247 and rs899036 and severe diabetic retinopathy became more evident after a meta-analysis of published GWAS data (OR 1.577, p = 2.01 × 10(-4) for rs6427247; OR 0.330, p = 5.84 × 10(-7) for rs899036).

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION:

We determined that rs17684886 and rs599019 are associated with diabetic retinopathy and that rs6427247 and rs899036 are associated with severe diabetic retinopathy in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes.

PMID:
25819896
DOI:
10.1007/s00125-015-3569-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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