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BMJ Case Rep. 2015 Mar 27;2015. pii: bcr2014207579. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2014-207579.

Juvenile polymyositis with unremitting pain and progressive loss of motor and bulbar function on a background of sickle cell disease.

Author information

1
Paediatric Emergency Medicine, Chelsea and Westminister Hospital Chelsea and Westminister NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
2
Louise Coote Unit, Guy's and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
3
Nerve and Brain Studies Department, Guy's and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
4
Department of Paediatric Haematology, Evelina London Children's Hospital, King's College London, London, UK.

Abstract

The diagnosis of acute autoimmune rheumatic disorders in sickle cell disease (SCD) can be challenging. Polymyositis is an inflammatory myopathy which, like SCD, may present with myalgia but is usually associated with proximal muscle weakness. We describe an adolescent boy presenting with limb pain, difficulty in mobilisation, with progressive loss of motor function and later bulbar weakness. Investigations showed massive elevation of creatine kinase, and MRI and muscle biopsy findings consistent with severe polymyositis. The patient was treated with corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin and intensive rehabilitation therapy. He made a good recovery and was discharged on azathioprine and prednisolone. In the context of SCD, multisystem symptoms, unexplained muscle pain and weakness, unresponsive to conventional treatment in the presence of steady state haemoglobin, should alert the clinician to autoimmune phenomena. Key factors in making a diagnosis are an autoimmune screen and early discussion with a rheumatology expert.

PMID:
25819817
PMCID:
PMC4386425
DOI:
10.1136/bcr-2014-207579
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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