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Prim Care Diabetes. 2015 Dec;9(6):446-50. doi: 10.1016/j.pcd.2015.01.013. Epub 2015 Mar 25.

Short sprints (30s) attenuate post-prandial blood glucose in young healthy males.

Author information

1
Faculty of Education, University of Macao, Macao.
2
Faculty of Education, University of Macao, Macao. Electronic address: zwkong@umac.mo.
3
School of Physical Education and Sports, Macao Polytechnic Institute, Macao.

Abstract

AIMS:

Low-volume, high-intensity exercise is a time-efficient method of inducing physiological responses and may also improve glucose homeostasis. Therefore, effects of two different volumes of sprint-interval cycling on post-prandial blood glucose were assessed.

METHODS:

Twenty healthy young males undertook two Wingate anaerobic tests (2WAT), four Wingate anaerobic (4WAT) and without-exercise (CON) 90 min after eating a standard meal. Blood glucose was examined at 60, 90, 105, 120, 135 and 150 min post-prandially.

RESULTS:

2WAT and 4WAT both accelerated the decrease of blood glucose compared with CON (P<0.05). There were significant reductions at 120 (4.45 ± 0.64 vs. 4.93 ± 0.9 vs. 5.68 ± 0.69), 135 (4.28 ± 0.50 vs. 4.48 ± 0.75 vs. 5.54 ± 0.6) and 150 min (4.64 ± 0.71 vs. 4.71 ± 0.73 vs. 5.36 ± 0.48, all P<0.05). Blood glucose at 120 min was lower after 2WAT than 4WAT (4.45 ± 0.64 vs. 4.93 ± 0.9, P<0.05), this producing a significant statistical interaction between groups and post-exercise time (P<0.005).

CONCLUSIONS:

2WAT and 4WAT tests both accelerate the post-prandial decrease in blood glucose in young healthy males, 2WAT being superior to 4WAT in producing this response, even though 2WAT is easier to perform and less time consuming.

KEYWORDS:

Diabetes; Glycemic control; Intensity exercise; Sprint interval; Wingate test

PMID:
25818564
DOI:
10.1016/j.pcd.2015.01.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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