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Cell Immunol. 1985 Apr 1;91(2):336-43.

Induction of natural killer cell activity of thoracic duct lymphocytes by polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C)) or interferon.


Natural killer (NK) cell activity of thoracic duct lymphocytes (TDL) was examined in normal mice and in mice treated with polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C) and interferon (IFN). TDL from mice treated with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) expressed little or no NK cell activity against YAC-1 target cells at effector-to-target ratios of up to 200:1, even after in vitro treatment with murine L-cell IFN. In contrast, TDL from poly(I:C)- or IFN-treated mice expressed significant NK activity, which correlated with the significantly higher NK activity of splenocytes from these mice compared to the NK activity of splenocytes from PBS-treated mice. These data indicate that although TDL from normal mice express no detectable NK cell activity, NK cell activity can be induced in TDL by in vivo treatment with poly(I:C) or IFN.

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