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Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2015 May-Jun;60(3):380-8. doi: 10.1016/j.archger.2015.03.002. Epub 2015 Mar 14.

Predictors of caregiving satisfaction in informal caregivers of people with dementia.

Author information

1
Research, Development and Innovation Department, Gerontological Complex La Milagrosa, Provincial Association of Pensioners and Retired People (UDP) from A Coruña, Avenida de Cadiz-5, E-15008 A Coruña, Spain.
2
Gerontology Research Group, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidade da Coruña, Campus de Oza, E-15071 A Coruña, Spain. Electronic address: jcmillan@udc.es.
3
Research, Development and Innovation Department, Gerontological Complex La Milagrosa, Provincial Association of Pensioners and Retired People (UDP) from A Coruña, Avenida de Cadiz-5, E-15008 A Coruña, Spain; Gerontology Research Group, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidade da Coruña, Campus de Oza, E-15071 A Coruña, Spain.
4
Center for Research in Ageing and Dementia, Faculty of Health Sciences, VIA University College, Campus Holstebro, Gl. Struervej 1, 7500 Holstebro, Denmark.
5
Department of Nutrition and Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, VIA University College, Campus Aarhus N, Hedeager 2, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark.
6
Department of Clinical Psychology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 70 Bukowska Street, 60-812 Poznan, Poland.
7
Department of Physiotherapy, Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 135/147, 28 Czerwca 1956r. Street, 61-545 Poznan, Poland.
8
Gerontology Research Group, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidade da Coruña, Campus de Oza, E-15071 A Coruña, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The prevalence of dementia is increasing and consequently the demands from families, institutions and healthcare system. Although a substantial amount of research on caregiving has emphasized the negative aspects of caregiving, specifically on caregiver burden and depression, less attention has been paid to the positive aspects of caregiving. The aim of the present work was to study the phenomenon of caregiving satisfaction in informal caregivers of people with dementia by assessing their likely predictors.

METHODS:

A stress process model was used to study caregiver's satisfaction (measured using the Revised Caregiving Satisfaction Scale) on 101 informal caregivers of patients with dementia in relation to the caregiver's background and context, stress-related factors, and mediators.

RESULTS:

The regression model has an adjusted R(2) of 0.20, which indicates that having a consanguinity relationship with the care recipient, suffering from lower levels of subjective burden, and managing individuals with severe cognitive impairment are the most important predictors of higher caregiving satisfaction.

CONCLUSION:

Interventions focused on the enhancement of the caregiving satisfaction by increasing the understanding of the disease, should be especially addressed to caregivers without a consanguinity relationship and with high levels of subjective burden, and to those managing care recipients with mild or moderate stages of dementia.

KEYWORDS:

Burden; Positive aspects; Predictors

PMID:
25814205
DOI:
10.1016/j.archger.2015.03.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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