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Biomed Mater Eng. 2015;25(2):203-12. doi: 10.3233/BME-151270.

Evaluation of a dental pulp-derived cell sheet cultured on amniotic membrane substrate.

Author information

1
Department of Dental Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto, Japan Department of Immunology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto, Japan.
2
Department of Dental Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto, Japan.
3
Department of Immunology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are transplanted for periodontal tissue regeneration, and the periodontal ligament (PDL) is regenerated using a cultured cell sheet. This cultured cell sheet is prepared using PDL-derived cells, growth factors, and amniotic membrane (AM). Dental pulp (DP)-derived cells can be easily obtained from extracted wisdom teeth, proliferate rapidly, and are less susceptible to bacterial infection than PDL-derived cells. Thus, to prepare a novel cell sheet, DP-derived cells were cultured on AM as a culture substrate for immunohistochemical examination.

METHODS:

Wisdom teeth extracted from three adults were cut along the cement-enamel border. DP tissue was collected, minced, and primarily cultured. After three or four passage cultures, DP-derived cells were cultured on AM, followed by hematoxylin-eosin (H-E) and immunofluorescence staining.

RESULTS:

DP-derived cells cultured on AM formed a layered structure. Cells positive for vimentin, Ki-67, ZO-1, desmoplakin, CD29, 44, 105 or 146, STRO-1, collagen IV or VII or laminin 5 or α5 chain were localized.

CONCLUSIONS:

DP-derived cells proliferated on AM, while retaining the properties of DP, which allowed the cultured cell sheet to be prepared. In addition, the cultured cell sheet contained MSC, which suggests its potential application in periodontal tissue regeneration.

KEYWORDS:

Amniotic membrane; dental pulp-derived cells; immunohistochemistry

PMID:
25813958
DOI:
10.3233/BME-151270
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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