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J Relig Health. 2016 Apr;55(2):448-68. doi: 10.1007/s10943-015-0040-7.

Do Self-efficacy Expectation and Spirituality Provide a Buffer Against Stress-Associated Impairment of Health? A Comprehensive Analysis of the German Pastoral Ministry Study.

Author information

1
Munich School of Philosophy and Professorship of Spiritual Care, University of Munich, Munich, Germany.
2
Quality of Life, Spirituality and Coping, Faculty of Health, Institute for Integrative Medicine, Witten/Herdecke University, Gerhard-Kienle-Weg 4, 583313, Herdecke, Germany. arndt.buessing@uni-wh.de.
3
Caritas Science and Christian Social Work, Faculty of Theology, Albert-Ludwig University, Freiburg, Germany.
4
Institute of Psychology, University of Osnabrück, Osnabrück, Germany.
5
Pastoral Psychology and Sociology, Faculty of Theology Paderborn, Paderborn, Germany.

Abstract

We aimed to analyse stress perception, psychosomatic health and life satisfaction in pastoral professionals, paying particular attention to their individual and shared resources. Enrolling 8574 German pastoral professionals (48% priests, 22% parish expert workers, 18% pastoral assistants, 12% deacons), we found that pastoral professionals' stress perception is associated with psychosomatic health impairment. General self-efficacy was a beneficial resource to protect against stress perceptions, while perception of the transcendent had a further yet weakly positive influence for stress-related impairment of health. External stressors (i.e. team size, duration of work per week and size of pastoral unit) were only of marginal independent relevance.

KEYWORDS:

Catholic priests; Impairment of health; Life satisfaction; Pastoral workers; Stress perception

PMID:
25812491
DOI:
10.1007/s10943-015-0040-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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