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J Relig Health. 2017 Dec;56(6):2063-2075. doi: 10.1007/s10943-015-0038-1.

Sound Heart: Spiritual Nursing Care Model from Religious Viewpoint.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Nursing, Medicine and Religion Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Zandi498@yahoo.com.

Abstract

Different methods of epistemology create different philosophical views. None of the nursing theories have employed the revelational epistemology and the philosophical views of Abrahamic religions. According to Abrahamic religions, the universe and human being have been created based on God's affection. Human being should deserve the position of God's representative on earth after achieving all ethical merits. Humans have willpower to shape their destiny by choosing manner of their relationship with God, people, themselves and the whole universe. They can adopt the right behavior by giving a divine color to their thoughts and intentions and thus attain peace and serenity in their heart. Health means having a sound heart (calm spirit with a sense of hope and love, security and happiness) that is achievable through faith and piety. Moral vices lead to diseases. Human beings are able to purge their inside (heart) through establishing a relationship with God and then take actions to reform the outside world. The worlds are run by God's will based on prudence and mercy. All events happen with God's authorization, and human beings have to respond to them. Nurses should try to recognize the patient's spiritual response to illness that can appear as symptoms of an unsound heart (fear, sadness, disappointment, anger, jealousy, cruelty, grudge, suspicion, etc.) due to the pains caused by illness and then alleviate the patient's suffering by appropriate approaches. Nurses help the patient to achieve the sound heart by hope in divine mercy and love, and they help the patient see good in any evil and relieve their fear and sadness by viewing their illness positively and then attain the status of calm, satisfaction, peace and serenity in their heart and being content with the divine fate. By invitation to religious morality, the model leads the patients to spiritual health.

KEYWORDS:

Nursing care model; Religious viewpoint; Sound heart; Spirituality

PMID:
25812490
DOI:
10.1007/s10943-015-0038-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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