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PLoS One. 2015 Mar 26;10(3):e0121848. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121848. eCollection 2015.

Exploring Twitter to analyze the public's reaction patterns to recently reported homicides in London.

Author information

1
Doctoral College GIScience, Department of Geoinformatics-Z_GIS, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria.
2
Doctoral College GIScience, Department of Geoinformatics-Z_GIS, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria; School of Information Technology and Systems Management, Salzburg University of Applied Sciences, Salzburg, Austria.
3
Department of Criminal Justice, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America.
4
Doctoral College GIScience, Department of Geoinformatics-Z_GIS, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria; Department of Geography and Anthropology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States of America.

Abstract

Crime is an ubiquitous part of society. The way people express their concerns about crimes has been of particular interest to the scientific community. Over time, the numbers and kinds of available communication channels have increased. Today, social media services, such Twitter, present a convenient way to express opinions and concerns about crimes. The main objective of this study is to explore people's perception of homicides, specifically, how the characteristics and proximity of the event affect the public's concern about it. The analysis explores Twitter messages that refer to homicides that occurred in London in 2012. In particular, the dependence of tweeting propensity on the proximity, in space and time, of a crime incident and of people being concerned about that particular incident are examined. Furthermore, the crime characteristics of the homicides are analysed using logistic regression analysis. The results show that the proximity of the Twitter users' estimated home locations to the homicides' locations impacts on whether the associated crime news is spread or not and how quickly. More than half of the homicide related tweets are sent within the first week and the majority of them are sent within a month of the incident's occurrence. Certain crime characteristics, including the presence of a knife, a young victim, a British victim, or a homicide committed by a gang are predictors of the crime-tweets posting frequency.

PMID:
25811780
PMCID:
PMC4374728
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0121848
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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