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J Family Med Prim Care. 2015 Jan-Mar;4(1):69-73. doi: 10.4103/2249-4863.152258.

Quality of Life among Persons with Physical Disability in Udupi Taluk: A Cross Sectional Study.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
2
Department of Biostatistics, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Disability is not just a health problem or attribute of individuals, but it reflects the problems individuals experience in their interaction with society and physical movements. Disabled persons remain neglected part of society and they also experience various barriers due to restriction of participation.

OBJECTIVES:

The aim was to assess the quality of life (QOL) of physically disabled persons, the impact of physical disability on activities of daily living (ADL) and to study the awareness about laws and facilities available for disabled persons.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A cross-sectional community based study was conducted among 130 physical disabled persons who were selected using convenience sampling technique. The WHO BREF scale was used to assess QOL, while assessment of ADL was done using Barthel Index. Socio-demographic assessment was done using Udai Pareek scale. SPSS version 15.0 was used to analyze data. Categorical variables were expressed as frequencies and percentages. As per guidelines physical, psychological, social, and environmental domain scores for WHO BREF scale were calculated.

RESULTS:

Among the study participants, 36.2% had a disability from birth that is, congenital. The second common cause of disability was found to be postpolio residual paralysis as it was found among 26.2% respondents. Other causes found were stroke/paralysis and accidents, in 19.2% and 18.5% respondents, respectively. Activities such as transfer, mobility, and stair climbing showed greater impact of physical disability. It was found that 11.5% respondents required help in one of the ADL. QOL score was found to be low under the psychological domain reflecting on negative feelings, bodily image, appearance, spirituality, and self-esteem of respondents.

CONCLUSION:

Physical disability had affected social participation as well as marriage of the respondents. However, it was found that very few of them are aware about facilities provided under persons with disability act.

KEYWORDS:

Activities of daily living; physical disability; quality of life

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