Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2015 May;27(5):734-9. doi: 10.1111/nmo.12546. Epub 2015 Mar 25.

Results after sacral nerve stimulation for chronic constipation.

Author information

1
Institution of Surgical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Sacral nerve stimulation is an established treatment for fecal incontinence and initial reports describe successful results also in subjects with chronic constipation.

METHODS:

Consecutive patients with slow transit or outlet obstruction type constipation were offered external stimulation through a test electrode inserted in a sacral foramen during a 3-week period. The symptomatic evaluation was based on the number of bowel movements and a validated obstructed defecation score (ODS). A permanent implant was performed provided an overall 50% decrease in symptoms was observed.

KEY RESULTS:

In total, 44 patients with chronic constipation were treated with a 3-week test stimulation. Fifteen experienced a 50% reduction of symptoms and received a permanent implant. Four of the 15 with permanent implants were explanted during the course of the study. Five subjects (11% of original group) reported sustained symptom relief at final follow-up after a mean of 24 months (range 4-81). Mean ODS score did not change during the treatment. Patients with predominantly slow transit constipation or outlet obstruction did not differ concerning success rate.

CONCLUSIONS & INFERENCES:

Sacral nerve stimulation has limited efficacy in unselected patients with chronic constipation and cannot be recommended for treatment on routine basis.

KEYWORDS:

constipation; outlet obstruction; sacral nerve stimulation; slow transit constipation

PMID:
25810166
DOI:
10.1111/nmo.12546
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center