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Early Interv Psychiatry. 2016 Oct;10(5):435-40. doi: 10.1111/eip.12238. Epub 2015 Mar 23.

How can we increase physical activity and exercise among youth experiencing first-episode psychosis? A systematic review of intervention variables.

Author information

1
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. s.rosenbaum@unsw.edu.au.
2
Early Psychosis Programme, The Bondi Centre, South Eastern Sydney Local Health, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. s.rosenbaum@unsw.edu.au.
3
Musculoskeletal Division, The George Institute for Global Health and School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. s.rosenbaum@unsw.edu.au.
4
Early Psychosis Programme, The Bondi Centre, South Eastern Sydney Local Health, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
5
Faculty of Education and Health, University of Greenwich, London, UK.
6
Department of Neurosciences, University Psychiatric Centre KU Leuven, Kortenberg, Belgium.
7
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
8
School of Medical and Applied Sciences, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia.
9
School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract

AIMS:

To review intervention variables and outcomes of studies designed to increase physical activity or exercise participation among people experiencing first-episode psychosis.

METHODS:

A systematic review of electronic databases was conducted from inception to November 2014.

RESULTS:

Eleven eligible studies describing 12 interventions were included (n = 351; 14-35 years) incorporating health coaching (n = 5), exercise prescriptions based on physiological parameters (e.g. heart rate) (n = 3), supervised, individually tailored programmes (n = 2), an Internet-delivered intervention and a yoga intervention. The majority of the interventions were delivered over 12 weeks (n = 6) and in community settings (n = 11). Five studies assessed aerobic capacity (VO2 max or VO2 peak) and three studies assessed self-reported physical activity levels.

CONCLUSIONS:

Considerable heterogeneity in the design, implementation and assessment of interventions was found. There is an urgent need to better understand how physical activity can be increased in line with the internationally endorsed HeaL (Healthy Active Lives) Declaration 5-year physical activity target.

KEYWORDS:

early psychosis; exercise; physical activity

PMID:
25808450
DOI:
10.1111/eip.12238
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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