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Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2015 Apr;32(2):239-51. doi: 10.1016/j.cpm.2014.11.006. Epub 2014 Dec 30.

Overuse lower extremity injuries in sports.

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Private Practice: Elite Sports Podiatry, 1700 North McMullen Booth Road, C-2, Clearwater, FL 33759, USA. Electronic address:


When athletes train harder the risk of injury increases, and there are several common overuse injuries to the lower extremity. Three of the most common lower extremity overuse injuries in sports are discussed including the diagnosis and treatments: medial tibal stress syndrome, iliotibial band syndrome, and stress fractures. The charge of sports medicine professionals is to identify and treat the cause of the injuries and not just treat the symptoms. Symptomatology is an excellent guide to healing and often the patient leads the physician to the proper diagnosis through an investigation of the athlete's training program, past injury history, dietary habits, choice of footwear, and training surface.


Achilles tendonopathy; Core strength; Eccentric strengthening; Iliotibial band syndrome; Medial tibial stress syndrome; Stress fractures

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