Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2015 May 8;460(3):555-60. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2015.03.068. Epub 2015 Mar 20.

Identification of APOBEC3B promoter elements responsible for activation by human papillomavirus type 16 E6.

Author information

1
Pathogen Genomics Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 4-7-1 Gakuen, Musashi-murayama, Tokyo 208-0011, Japan. Electronic address: moris@nih.go.jp.
2
Pathogen Genomics Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 4-7-1 Gakuen, Musashi-murayama, Tokyo 208-0011, Japan.

Abstract

Recent cancer genomics studies have identified mutation patterns characteristic of APOBEC3B (A3B) in multiple cancers, including cervical cancer, which is caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. A3B expression is upregulated by HPV E6/E7 oncoproteins, implying a crucial role for A3B upregulation in HPV-induced carcinogenesis. Here, we explored the molecular mechanisms underlying the activation of the A3B promoter by E6. Luciferase reporter assays with a series of deleted fragments of the human A3B promoter in normal immortalized human keratinocytes (NIKS) identified two functional regions in the promoter: the distal region (from -200 to -51), which is required for basal promoter activity, and the proximal region (from +1 to +45), which exerts an inhibitory effect on gene expression. Each promoter region was found to contain an E6-responsive element(s). Disruption of an AT-rich motif located between +10 and +16 abrogated the proximal-region-mediated activation of the A3B promoter by E6. DNA pull-down assays revealed that a cellular zinc-finger protein, ZNF384, binds to the AT-rich motif in the A3B promoter, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays confirmed that ZNF384 binds to the A3B promoter in cells. ZNF384 knockdown reduced the A3B mRNA levels in NIKS expressing E6, but not in the parental NIKS, indicating that ZNF384 contributes to A3B upregulation by E6, but not to basal A3B expression. The exogenous expression of ZNF384 led to the activation of the A3B promoter in NIKS. Collectively, these results indicate that E6 activates the A3B promoter through the distal and proximal regions, and that ZNF384 is required for the proximal-region-mediated activation of A3B.

KEYWORDS:

APOBEC3B; E6; Human papillomavirus; Promoter; ZNF384

PMID:
25800874
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2015.03.068
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center